In botany, succulent plants, also known as succulents, are plants that have some parts that are more than normally thickened and fleshy, usually to retain water in arid climates or soil conditions. Not to be confused with cactus; nearly all cacti are succulents but not all succulents are cacti.
Agave is a genus of monocots native to the hot and arid regions of Mexico and the Southwestern United States. Agaves are succulents with a large rosette of thick, fleshy leaves, with most species ending in a sharp terminal spine. The stout stem is usually short, the leaves apparently springing from the root. Along with plants from the related genus Yucca, various Agave species are popular ornamental plants in hot, dry climates, as they require very little water to survive
Aloes are succulent evergreen perennials, that originate from the Arabian Peninsula but grow wild in tropical climates around the world and is cultivated for agricultural and medicinal uses. The species Aloe Vera is also used for decorative purposes and grows successfully indoors as a potted plant.
Anacampseros L. is a genus comprising about a hundred species of small perennial succulent plants native to Southern Africa. The botanical name Anacampseros is an ancient one for herbs supposed to restore lost love
Crassula is a genus of succulent plants containing about 1480 accepted species, including the popular jade plant (Crassula ovata). They are native to many parts of the globe, but cultivated varieties originate almost exclusively from species from the Eastern Cape of South Africa.
Echeveria is a large genus of flowering plants in the stonecrop family Crassulaceae, native to semi-desert areas of Central America, Mexico and northwestern South America.
Euphorbia is a very large and diverse genus of flowering plants, commonly called spurge, in the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). The plants share the feature of having a poisonous, milky, white, latex-like sap, and unusual and unique floral structures
Gasteria is a genus of succulent plants, native to South Africa (and the far south-west corner of Namibia). The genus is named for its stomach-shaped flowers ("gaster" is Latin for "stomach"). Gasterias are recognizable from their thick, hard, succulent "tongue-shaped" leaves.
Haworthia is a large genus of small succulent plants endemic to Southern Africa , (Mozambique, Namibia, Lesotho, Swaziland and South Africa).[ Like the aloes, they are members of the subfamily Asphodeloideae and they generally resemble miniature aloes, except in their flowers, which are distinctive in appearance. Horticulturally they are popular garden and container plants.
Kalanchoe is a genus of about 125 species of tropical, succulent flowering plants in the family Crassulaceae, mainly native to Madagascar and tropical Africa.
Lithops is a genus of succulent plants in the ice plant family, Aizoaceae. Members of the genus are native to southern Africa. The name is derived from the Ancient Greek words λίθος (lithos), meaning "stone," and ὄψ (ops), meaning "face," referring to the stone-like appearance of the plants. They avoid being eaten by blending in with surrounding rocks and are often known as pebble plants or living stones. The formation of the name from the Greek "-ops" means that even a single plant is called a Lithops.
Sedeveria are succulent plants that are hybrid crosses between Sedum and Echeveria.
Sedum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Crassulaceae, members of which are commonly known as stonecrops. They are leaf succulents found primarily in the Northern Hemisphere, but extending into the southern hemisphere in Africa and South America.
Sempervivum is a genus of about 40 species of flowering plants in the Crassulaceae family, commonly known as houseleeks and hen and chicks
Senecio is a genus of the daisy family (Asteraceae) that includes ragworts and groundsels and is one of the largest genera of flowering plants.